Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (Bengali: গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gonoprojatontri Bangladesh) is a country of southern Asia on the Bay of Bengal. Formerly part of Bengal, Bangladesh became East Pakistan when India achieved independence in 1947. After a civil war with West Pakistan (1971) culminating in military involvement by India, Bangladesh formed a separate nation, the independent republic of Bangladesh was proclaimed in 1971; it became a Commonwealth state in 1972. Dhaka is the capital and largest city; other major city is Chittagong.
Dhaka and Chittagong (the country's chief port) are the principal industrial centers.
Population 156,050,900 (est. 2009); official language: Bengali; Religion: Muslim. Currency: taka.
Bangladesh Geography: Republic in southern Asia, bordered by India to the north, west, and east; the Bay of Bengal to the south; and Burma to the southeast.
Area: 142 797 sq. km (55 126 sq. miles).
Bangladesh has a tropical monsoon climate with a distinct dry season in the winter.
Bangladesh is the world's largest producer of jute. Except for natural gas (found along its eastern border), limited quantities of oil (in the Bay of Bengal), coal, and some uranium, Bangladesh possesses few minerals.
Bangladesh is one of the world's ten most populated countries and has one of the highest population densities (about 2,100 people per sq mi/810 people per sq km). The great majority of Bangladesh's population is Bengali. Bangla (Bengali) is the nation's official language,
Bangla is another name for Bengali, a language spoken by the Bengali people; the official language of Bangladesh and Bengal [syn: Bengali] .